The only known contemporary portrait of Jeanne d’Arc
This fascinating plain, small line drawing shows her as a small determined woman carrying her army’s sacred banner in one hand and a sword in the other.
The drawing was made in the margin of the Orleans city record manuscripts on the day she got the English armies away from the city and freed the countryside around Orleans May 10. 1429. It’s the only known contemporary portrait of Jeanne d’Arc.
Drawing by Clément de Fauquembergue, the secretary of the Palement of Paris. The artist had never seen Jeanne. It is known that she sat for a portrait, but it did not survive, so no exact image of her exists.
Jeanne d’Arc has inspired artistic and cultural works for nearly six centuries.
The following page cover items of historic interest, enduring works of high art, and recent representations in popular culture.
No complete list of artistic works about her exists, although a 1989 doctoral dissertation did identify all relevant films including ones for which no copy survives. Portrayals of Jeanne d’Arc are numerous.
For example, in 1979 the Bibliothèque Municipale in Rouen, France held a gallery containing over 500 images and other items related to Jeanne d’Arc.
Jeanne d’Arc has inspired artistic and cultural works for six centuries. The following lists cover some works of high art, and recent representations in popular culture. Lesser known works, particularly from early periods, are not included.
|10 May 1429||untitled||Clément de Fauquembergue||Sketch in the margin of the register of the Parlement of Paris by |
Clément de Fauquembergue, 1429, drawn on the day that news arrived in
Paris of the French victory at Orléans. Though Fauquembergue never saw
her in person, this is the only extant depiction from her lifetime.
|c. 1450||Le Champion des Dames||Martin Lefranc||Miniature portrait in an illustrated manuscript in an anachronistic
Biblical setting, with long hair, wearing armor and a long robe.
|c. 1460||Chronique de Charles VII||Jean Chartier||Miniature portrait in an illustrated manuscript, similar portrayal to Le Champion des Dames.|
|1484||Vigiles du Roi Charles VII||?||Miniature portrait in an illuminated manuscript, similar portrayal to Le Champion des Dames.|
|1493||untitled||Martial d'Auvergne||1490s Depiction of the Siege of Orleans of 1429.|
|15th century||untitled||?||Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII. Joan of Arc and Charles VII, king of France.|
|15th century||untitled||?||Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII. The assault on Paris.|
|15th century||untitled||?||Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII. Jeanne is driven in front of her judges. Jeanne arrive à Chinon.|
|15th century||untitled||?||Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII. Jeanne being tied up.|
|15th century||untitled||?||Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII. The citizens of Troyes hand over city keys to the Dauphin and Joan of Arc.|
|15th century||untitled||?||Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII. Jeanne hunts prostitutes in the army|
|late 15th century||untitled||?||Hermitage of Notre-Dame de Bermont, France||Fresco of two young women: one a peasant girl at prayer, the other
dressed in male attire: possible depictions of Joan of Arc rediscovered
underneath a later work. Joan of Arc was known to pray often at the
|late 15th century||Joan of Ark||?||Hermitage of Notre-Dame de Bermont, France||The young girl is kneeling, doubtless in a chateau, because the
ground is not the beaten earth of the houses of the era but a green and
black tile-flooring. She is dressed in grey, with high hose, an attire
of a man. Thence to think that it has to do with the departure from
Vaucouleurs or arrival at Chinon, there is not but to take a step; to
prove it is another thing.
|1505||untitled||?||Joan of Arc depicted on horseback in an illustration from a 1505 manuscript|
|1557||Portrait of the Town Council of Orléans||?||Joan of Arc wears a robe with slashed sleeves and a plume (symbolic
of victory in war) and holds a sword. This became a model for many later
|1620||Joan of Arc at Prayer||Peter Paul Rubens||North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, NC|
|1819||Jeanne d’Arc prisonnière à Rouen (Jeanne d'Arc prisoner to Rouen)||Pierre Révoil||Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen||oil on canvas, Height: 137 cm (53.9 in). Width: 174.5 cm (68.7 in).|
|1824||Jeanne d'Arc interrogated in prison by the cardinal of Winchester||Paul Delaroche||Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen||oil on canvas 277 x 217 cm|
|1830||The Painter's studio||Josef Danhauser||Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest|
|1833||Jeanne d'Arc, in the presence of Charles VII, answers questions from churchmen about her visions and revelations||Gillot Saint-Èvre||Louvre, Paris||170 x 140 cm|
|before 1843||Jeanne d'Arc||Raymond Monvoisin||Collection of the Palacio Vergara de Viña del Mar||oil on canvas, 142 × 101 cm (55.9 × 39.8 in)|
|1843||Joan of Arc's Death at the Stake||Hermann Anton Stilke||Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg||oil on canvas 119.5 × 83.5 cm (47 × 32.9 in)|
|1843||Appearance of Sts. Catherine and Michael to Joan of Arc||Hermann Anton Stilke||Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg||oil on canvas, 119.5 × 83.5 cm (47 × 32.9 in)|
|1843||Joan of Arc in Battle||Hermann Anton Stilke||Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg||oil on canvas, 135 × 146 cm (53.1 × 57.5 in)|
|1843||Entry of Jeanne d'Arc at Orléans, May 8, 1429||Henry Scheffer||Palace of Versailles (Galerie des Batailles), Versailles||oil on canvas, Height: 425 cm (167.3 in). Width: 483 cm (190.2 in)|
|1847-1852||Capture of Jeanne d'Arc||Adolphe Dillens||Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg||52.5 × 72 cm (20.7 × 28.3 in)|
|1852||?||August Gustav Lasinsky||Johanna von Orléans in der Schlacht (Joan of Arc in battle), oil on canvas, 76,5 x 107,5 cm.|
|1854||Jeanne at the coronation of Charles VII||Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres||Musee du Louvre, Paris||oil on canvas, Height: 240 cm (94.5 in). Width: 178 cm (70.1 in)|
|ca. 1859||?||Léon-François Bénouville||Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen||Jeanne d'Arc écoutant ses voix (Joan of Arc listening to voices)|
|1863||Joan of Arc Kissing the Sword of Delivrance||Dante Gabriel Rossetti||Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Strasbourg||oil on canvas, 61.2 × 53.2 cm (24.1 × 20.9 in)|
|1864||?||Stanisław Chlebowski||Musée Barrois (Bar-le-Duc), France||Jeanne d'Arc prisoner of the English|
|1864||Joan of Arc||Dante Gabriel Rossetti||private collection||watercolor and bodycolour over pencil, 31 × 30 cm (12.2 × 11.8 in)|
|1865||Joan of Arc at Prayer||John Everett Millais||Private collection|
|c. 1870||Jeanne d'Arc arriving at Orléans||Jean-Jacques Scherrer||Musée Jeanne-d'Arc, Rouen|
|1876||Jeanne d’Arc écoutant les voix (Joan of Arc's awe upon receiving a vision from the Archangel Michael)||Eugène Thirion||Ville de Chatou, église Notre-Dame||oil on canvas|
|1879||Jeanne d'Arc||Jules Bastien-Lepage||Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York||oil on canvas 100" x 110"|
|1880||Joan captured by the Burgundians at Compiègne||Giraudon||Panthéon, Paris||mural|
|1884||Joan of Arc listening for the first time to the voices that predict her prominent fate||Pedro Américo||Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro||oil on canvas, 229 × 156 cm (90.2 × 61.4 in)|
|1886||Jeanne in adoration before the Virgin||Eugène Grandin, based on a work by Momet||Mehun-sur-Yèvre|
|1886||The Maid of Orléans, entrance of Joan of Arc into Reims in 1429||Jan Matejko|
|1889||Joan of Arc, or Breton girl spinning||Paul Gauguin||Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam||Fresco in wooden support, 134 × 62.9 cm (52.8 × 24.8 in)|
|1880–1890||Jeanne d'Arc hears her voices||Eugène Carrière||Musée d'Orsay, Paris|
|1886–1890||Jeanne d'Arc, shepherdess||Jules-Eugène Lenepveu||Panthéon, Paris|
|1886–1890||Jeanne d'Arc in armor before Orléans||Jules-Eugène Lenepveu||Panthéon, Paris|
|1886–1890||Jeanne d'Arc in Rheims at the time of king Charles VII's coronation||Jules-Eugène Lenepveu||Panthéon, Paris|
|1886–1890||Jeanne at the stake||Jules-Eugène Lenepveu||Panthéon, Paris|
|1895||?||George William Joy||Sleeping Joan of Arc (Joan of Arc on her way to Reims)|
|19th century||untitled||William Etty||Jeanne d'Arc à la sortie d'Orléans, repoussant les Anglais (Joan of Arc at the exit of Orleans, pushing the English away).|
|19th century||Jeanne d'Arc + 1431||?||Musée Louis-Philippe, Eu, Seine-Maritime||oil on canvas, 124.5 × 89 cm (49 × 35 in)|
|ca. 19th century||untitled||?||Joan of Arc, burning at the stake|
|ca. 19th/20th century||?||François Chifflart||Jeanne d´Arc. Oil on canvas, 75 x 60 cm.|
|late 19th century||Joan of Arc kneeling before angel||Henryk Siemiradzki|
|ca. 1901||?||François Chifflart||Jeanne d'Arc. Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm.|
|1903||?||Albert Lynch||engraving from Figaro Illustre magazine|
|1907||?||Craig Franck||Joan of Arc|
|1909||?||Paul de La Boulaye||Sainte Jeanne d'Arc, oil on canvas|
|before 1911||Joan of Arc in Prison||Howard Pyle||private collection||oil on canvas|
|1912||untitled||Andrew C.P. Haggard||Portrait of Joan of Arc|
|1912||?||Roger de La Fresnaye||Musée d'art moderne de Troyes, Troyes||Jeanne d'Arc|
|? (19th century)||The departure of Jeanne d'Arc||Jean-Jacques Scherrer||Musée Jeanne-d'Arc, Vaucouleurs||oil on canvas 430 x 320 cm|
|?||St. Joan||John William Waterhouse (1849-1917)||private collection||oil on canvas, 48 × 55 cm (18.9 × 21.7 in)|
|?||Joan of Arc||Charles-Amable Lenoir (1860-1926)||private collection|
|?||Jeanne d'Arc||Gaston Bussière|
|?||Joan of Arc||Gari Melchers (1860-1932)||Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis||oil on canvas, 30 × 23 in (76.2 × 58.4 cm)|
|before 1933||?||Annie Swynnerton||Joan of Arc|
|?||Joan of Arc at Vaucouleurs||C. R. Walter||Musée Jeanne-d'Arc, Chinon|
|?||Joan of Arc||Harold H. Piffard||Public collection||oil on canvas, 91.5 × 72.2 cm (36 × 28.4 in)|