: Invocation of a supernatural or holy being called to verify the veracity of a statement. Sometimes, oaths were given over a relic
or a church altar. An oath was a special appeal, an expression of sincerity backed up by the threat of divine retribution should the uttering prove false--hence the term ‘oath-breaker’. An oathbreaker was assumed to have committed a crime against God or of some divine entity, which would lead to damnation or another form of severe penalty. Such oaths might take the form of ‘I swear upon the all that is Right and Holy that...’ Or, placing one’s hand upon a holy relic, ‘I, Reginald, do swear before these gathered witnesses that I did see...’
Oath of Fealty
: The specific oath given to a liege lord
, swearing to execute the duties of the feudal
contract between the lord
and his vassal.
Of Four Quarterings
heritage from all four grandparents. The concept of nobility came in most medieval senses not from a nobility of character, though that was certainly sought, but from a nobility in the blood. It was strongly believed that much of a person’s character derived from their ‘blood’, their heritage. During the 13th century, tournaments
began to require that knights
prove noble descent from all four lines to be considered noble enough to participate.
: Roland’s ivory horn, which he blew at the Battle of Roncesvalles, 778, to announce his betrayal to Charlemange, whose rear column he commanded at the time of the battle.
: The heraldic
metal color for gold or yellow.
Ordene de Chevalrie
: The anonymous 12th century work in which a knight
, in order to obtain his ransom
, knights Saladin, in the process explaining the significance of each element of the knighting
ceremony. An important poem translated into English by William Morris.
Order of the Banda
: See Banda, Order of the
Order of the Garter
: See Garter, Order of the
Order of the Golden Fleece
: See Golden Fleece, Order of the
Order of the Laurel
: An SCA peerage--see Laurel, Order of the
Order of the Pelican
: An SCA peerage--see Pelican, Order of the
Order of the Star
: See Star, Order of the
Orders of knighthood
: Military orders of knights
based on the monastic model, contrasted with the secular groups of knights whose membership stemmed either from a monarch or from a company of knights banding together for common purpose.
: Basic heraldic charges
used in simple heraldry
--the bend, chevron, chief, fess, pale, pile and saltire.
: The Royal military banner
of France, derived from the banner of Saint Denis near Paris. The banner was made of Crimson silk with a saltire wavy, the banner was kept above the altar at Saint Denis until the King
called it forward. Carrying the Oriflamme was a high honor; the banner was carried at the Battle of Crècy
and again at Poitiers
, where it was carried by Geoffrey de Charnay, the predomme French knight
who was slain defending it during that battle in 1356. The banner was to remain furled until dire circumstance required the army to retreat and regroup--Charnay died with the banner unfurled as the English crushed the army.
: From the Middle English--A prayer.