: Welsh equivalent for earl
Jeu de la Hache
: A 15th century treatise on axe-fighting, perhaps the most extensive fechtbuch
known. It details the use of the halberd or poleaxe
with great precision, including tactics useful in war, tournament
, or even in judicial duels. The jeu was translated recently by Dr. Sydney Anglo and printed in the journal Archeologia
: See minstrel
: The charge of two knights
. See also the Joust of Peace
and Joust of War
Joust of Peace
: An à plaisance joust
between two knights
, usually done at tournament
or between knights who want to test their prowess
against one another. Jousts, where individual knights demonstrated their prowess, grew in popularity from the 13th century onward; prior to that knights fought in tournaments primarily in groups. Frequently galleries
of ladies were present to watch jousts of peace, sometimes offering elaborate favors to the knights who championed their honor. During the late 15th and 16th centuries, specialized armour
that became very heavy was fashionable to use in the joust, great hulking pieces featuring many reinforcing plates
and bolts, giving the harnesses
a very alien appearance.
Joust of War
: Very common during the Hundred Years War
or at an emprise
, this was the same as a joust of peace
except that the tips of the lances
were sharpened rather than purposefully blunt. Knights
were frequently killed or wounded in these engagements, and spectators other than other knights would have been uncommon.
: Fr. for joust
: 14th century French tournaments
open to all comers.
: The famous sword
: The castle
of Lancelot, held by popular legend to be Alnwick or Bamburg castles. Prior to the time when Lancelot came upon it, it was a cursed castle known as Dolorous Castle, but Lancelot was able to break the spell and take up residence within. When Arthur and Guenevere visited, the castle was renamed Joyeuse Guard, but after Lancelot’s adultery with Guenevere was discovered, the name reverted. It was to Dolorous Guard that they returned.
: Officials in a tournament
responsible for upholding the spirit and the rules determined by the sponsor. Charnay and King René both refer to the judges as diseurs.
: Generally fought between combatants of knightly
rank between the appellant and the defendant. A charge of dishonorable conduct underlies the combat, fought to the death before judges
. Not a tournament
, it is a form of trial by combat. Many of the surviving fechtbuchs
seem to describe techniques used in the judicial duel that would have been forbidden in the tournament, such as piercing an opponent’s foot with the butt-spike of a poleaxe