Jeanne darc | Coat of Arms
Joan of Arc 1412-1431. History research project & online exhibition.
joan of arc, joanofarc, saint joan, jeanne d'arc, jehanne d'arc, la pucelle, history, biography, life
2166
page-template-default,page,page-id-2166,page-child,parent-pageid-2146,edgt-core-1.0,mega-menu-top-navigation,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,boxed,has_general_padding,hudson child-child-ver-1.0.0,hudson-ver-1.8, vertical_menu_with_scroll,smooth_scroll,,grid_1200,blog_installed,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-5.1.1,vc_non_responsive

Family arms and nobility

Manuscrit 5524 de la Bibliothèque nationale de Paris - folio 142

Because of her remarkable actions, Charles VII granted her family arms and nobility. The arms were: Azure a sword per pale argent hilted or between a crown in chief and two fleurs-de-lys of the last. The symbolism of the arms is fairly obvious.

She testified at her trial that she never used those arms personally, only displaying her famous banner (white, with an image of God holding the world between two angels, and the words Jhesus Maria). The arms were also granted to her family, and it must have taken place in 1429. The family was also authorized to adopt the name of Du Lys.

The text of the grant of nobility (Dec 1429) survives. It was made in favor of her parents, her three brothers Jacquemin, Jean and Pierre, and their descendants male and female, in perpetuity. Thus, in her family, nobility was transmitted by females. It was confirmed in October 1550, on petition of Robert Le Fournier, baron de Tournebeu, and his nephew Lucas du Chemin, seigneur du Féron, both descended from a daughter of Pierre du Lys.

The family seemed to have arms prior to these events, namely: Azure a bow or in fess, thereon three arrows crossed …, on a chief argent a lion passant gules.

Of her three brothers, two had issue: the descendants of Jean adopted the name of Du Lys and used the arms. Pierre, who became a knight, had two sons: Jean, knight, who left only a daughter, and Jean the younger, who was briefly Échevin of Arras in the 1480’s. He returned to France and kept the name of Du Lys, but resumed the arms of Arc. His great-grandsons Charles and Luc du Lys, seigneur de Reinemoulin, petitioned for the right to quarter du Lys and d’Arc, which was granted by Letters Patent of November 25, 1612.

Charles VII granted her family arms and nobility.

The Arc family seemed to have arms prior to these events, namely: Azure a bow or in fess, thereon three arrows crossed …, on a chief argent a lion passant gules [note: I am told that the Darc family home in Domrémy displays somewhat different arms above the door: three arrowheads surrounding some object. But those arms are a later addition.]

Of her three brothers, two had issue: the descendants of Jean adopted the name of Du Lys and used the arms. Pierre, who became a knight, had two sons: Jean, knight, who left only a daughter, and Jean the younger, who was briefly Échevin of Arras in the 1480s.

He returned to France and kept the name of Du Lys, but resumed the arms of Arc. His great-grandsons Charles and Luc du Lys, seigneur de Reinemoulin, petitioned for the right to quarter du Lys and d’Arc, which was granted by Letters Patent of November 25, 1612.

The same letters granted to Charles a crest representing Jeanne d’Arc proper, holding a sword surmounted by a crown or in one hand and her banner in the other, and the war-cry La Pucelle!. Luc received a crest of a fleur-de-lys or issuant between two banners as before, with war-cry: Les Lys!.

The special privilege of female transmission of nobility was a fiscal danger: since nobles were exempted from certain taxes, notably the taille, the number of tax exemptions could unduly increase. As a result, as part of a reform of the taille in June 1614, the privilege was curtailed.

Those descendants who had already claimed and were enjoying nobility could retain it and transmit it to their posterity in male line. Those who were not “living nobly” could not claim the privilege anymore. Women ceased to transmit nobility.

a “Les descendans des frères de la Pucelle d’Orléans, qui vivent à présent noblement, jouiront Å l’avenir des priviléges de noblesse, et leur postérité de masle en masle vivant noblement, même ceux qui pour cet effet ont obtenu nos lettres patentes et arrests de nos cours souveraines, mais ceux qui n’ont vécu et ne vivent à présent noblement, ne jouiront plus à l’avenir d’aucuns priviléges. Les filles et femmes aussi descendues des frères de ladite pucelle d’Orléans, n’annobliront plus leurs maris à l’avenir.”

(Edit sur les tailles, June 1614, art. 10; in Isambert: Recueil général des anciennes lois françaises , vol. 16, p. 48).

Reference: Jules Quicherat: Le Procès de Condamnation et de Réhabilition de Jeanne d’Arc, dite la Pucelle. Paris, 1841-49.
(All relevant documents in volume 5; Jeanne d’Arc’s testimony about not using her arms is in vol. 1, p. 117.)

These letters furents given to Mehun-on-Yèvre, close to Bourges (Expensive), by Charles VII (1403-1461), in December 1429. They concern the Maid of Orleans as well as her family, i.e. the father, the mother and the brothers of Jeanne.

Granted letters of ennoblement in Jeanne d’Arc and her family

Charles, by the grace of God king de France, for perpetual memory. At this end of glorifier the very abundant ones and distinguished favours whose Almighty filled us, and that, we hope for it, his divine mercy will condescend to continue us, by the means and the contest bursting of the Virgin, our dear and loved well Jeanne d’ Arc, of Domremy, with the baillage of Chaumont or in its spring, and to celebrate at the same time the merits of the aforementioned Virgin and the divine praises, we estimate suitable and convenient to raise it, it and all its relationship, with the honors and dignities of our royal majesty, so that, illustrated by the divine grace, it leaves with her race a memory our royal liberality, and that the glory of God as well as the fame of so much of benefits remains and increases in every century.

This is why we let know with all, present and to come, that, have regard so that above, considering moreover pleasant the, many ones and advisable services that Jeanne the Virgin returned already and will return in the future, we hope for it, to us and our kingdom, and for others certain causes with this driving us, we have anobli the aforementioned Virgin, Jacques d’Arc of the aforesaid place of Domremy and Isabeau his wife, her father and mother Jacquemin and Jean d’ Arc and Pierre Pierrelot his brothers, and all his relationship and chalk-lining, and, in favour and contemplation of icelle Jeanne, all their postérité born and to be born, in legitimate marriage, and by the present ones, of our special grace, certain science and power, let us anoblissons them and declare noble; wanting that the aforementioned Virgin, the aforementioned Jacques, Isabeau, Jacquemin, Jean and Pierre, and all the posterity and chalk-lining of the aforementioned Virgin as well as the children of them, born and to be born, by all are held and considered noble, in their acts, in justice and except justice, and that they enjoy and use peacefully of the preferences, franknesses, prerogatives and other rights, of which are accustomed to enjoy, in our kingdom, the other noble ones, extracted from noble line, which and their known as posterity we make take part in the condition the other noble ones of our kingdom, born from noble race, notwithstanding that they do not have, like a noble origin, and which they are perhaps of other condition that of free condition.

Also wanting that the above-named ones, the aforementioned relationship and chalk-lining of the Virgin, and their male and female posterity can when and all times that they will like it, to obtain and receive from any knight the badges of the knighthood.

Allowing them moreover, with them and their posterity as well male as female, born and to be born in legitimate marriage, to acquire noble people and other unspecified all strongholds, arrrière-strongholds and quite noble, which, asset or with acquériri, they will be able and will be allowed to them to have, hold and have with always, without them being able to be constrained, now nor at time to come, to deprive itself some by fault of nobility.

For which ennoblement they will be in any held way neither forced to pay any finance with us nor with our successors; finance, in consideration and glance of their ancestors, we have full thanks made gift and given to above-named and the aforementioned relationship and chalk-lining of the Virgin, and by the present ones make them gift of it and given, notwithstanding all ordinances, statutes, edicts, uses, revocations, habits, inhibitions and mandements, facts or to make, with this opposites.

For what, we give in mandement by the aforementioned present at our amés and féaux people of our accounts, at the general treasurers and ordered police chiefs or to order on the fact of our finances, and at the of the aforesaid baillif bailliage of Chaumont, and at our other dispensers of justice or their lieutenants present and to come, and with each one of them, as it will belong to him, that they make and leave to the aforementioned Jeanne the Virgin, the aforementioned Jacques, Isabeau, Jacquemin, Jean and Pierre, all the relationship and chalk-lining of the aforementioned Virgin, and their aforesaid, born posterity and to be born, as known as is, in legitimate marriage, to enjoy and to use peacefully of our present grace, ennoblement and granting, now and at time future, without their making neither suffer that it to them is made any disorder nor prevention against the content of present.

And so that it is firm and stable thing with always, we made affix with present the our seal in the absence of our large seal, except in other things our right and the right of others in all.

Given to Meun on Yèvre, December, year of the Lord millet four hundred and twenty-nine and our reign the eighth.

Signed A. Gréelle.

On the fold: By the King, the bishop of Séez, Sieurs of Trémoille, Trêves and other present. Signed Mallière, and sealed on red and green silk lakes of the large green wax seal.

And low: Dispatched in the room of the accounts of the King, sixteenth of January, the year of the Lord millet four hundred and twenty-nine and y recorded with the book of the charters of time, folio CXXI.

Royal letters of louis XII. Parchment dated 1612

The letters allowing Charles and Luc du Lys, the king’s advisers in Paris, descendants of the family of arc to add arms to those of du Lys arc, for deeds of war and the services provided by their ancestor the “Maid of Orleans,” as they were granted him and his brothers Jean and Pierre d’Arc.

The same letters granted to Charles a crest representing Jeanne d’Arc proper, holding a sword surmounted by a crown or in one hand and her banner in the other, and the war-cry La Pucelle!.

Luc received a crest of a fleur-de-lys or issuant between two banners as before, with war-cry: Les Lys!. The special privilege of female transmission of nobility was a fiscal danger: since nobles were exempted from certain taxes, notably the taille, the number of tax exemptions could unduly increase. As a result, as part of a reform of the taille in June 1614, the privilege was curtailed.

Those descendants who had already claimed and were enjoying nobility could retain it and transmit it to their posterity in male line. Those who were not “living nobly” could not claim the privilege anymore. Women ceased to transmit nobility. The arms were also granted to her family, and it must have taken place in (Dec 1429).

The family was also authorized to adopt the name of Du Lys. It was made in favor of her parents, her three brothers Jacquemin, Jean and Pierre, and their descendants male and female, in perpetuity. Thus, in her family, nobility was transmitted by females.

It was confirmed in October 1550, on petition of Robert Le Fournier, baron de Tournebeu, and his nephew Lucas du Chemin, seigneur du Féron, both descended from a daughter of Pierre du Lys.