This web project is specific related to Jeanne d'Arc, also known as Joan of Ac (1412-1431) - a recognized Saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
To tell the story about her life, her achievements, and her death, as attested on oath in the original trail documents, one of the most celebrated documents of medieval history.
This online exhibition will show through out collection of books, sculpture, posters, comics, photographs, paintings, medals, coins, porcelains, manuscripts, etc.... - to explore how the same historical facts can create so many Jeanne d'Arcs.
Girl and soldier, saint and heretic, savior - since the time of her death, Jeanne has inspired thousands of historians, poets, and painters. Each of them tells a different story. Guided by what she thought were divine voices, Jeanne revived French fortunes in the Hundred Years' War. She played a major (and somewhat mysterious) role in rallying the flagging forces of Charles VII against the English occupier in 1429, leading her troops to breaking the siege of Orléans and having Charles VII, the Seventh, the king of France officially crowned king in Reims the same year.
Girl and soldier, saint and heretic, savior - since the time of her death, Jeanne has inspired thousands of historians, poets, and painters. Each of them tells a different story. Guided by what she thought were divine voices, Jeanne revived French fortunes in the Hundred Years' War. She played a major (and somewhat mysterious) role in rallying the flagging forces of Charles VII against the English occupier in 1429, leading her troops to breaking the siege of Orléans and having Charles VII officially crowned king in Reims the same year.
She was later captured and sold to the English, who burned her at the stake for heresy and perjury in 1431, in Rouen France. Her death only made her more powerful.
She was only 19 years old
Sixteenth-century France made her a national heroine.
The men of subsequent centuries took her story for their plays and poems, her image for their statues. She became the spirit of France, the maiden, the holy warrior, the Republican and Napoleonic symbol for opposition to the English and for those who would protect France from foreign domination.
In the Second World War Charles de Gaulle used her standard, the Cross of Lorraine, as the symbol of Free France. In 1920 she was canonized as a saint by Pope Benedict XV.
This online collection focuses on Jeanne d'Arc and the role she played in the Hundred Years' War. This war started, with interruptions, from 1337-1453, and began as a dynastic conflict between the English and French royal houses which both laid claim to the French throne. Initially this war went badly for France; the Dauphin, later King Charles VII, had to withdraw for safety to the Castle of Chinon from the English and their allies, the Burgundians.
In 1429, the country lass Jeanne d'Arc (1412-1431), managed to reach him at the castle, led by divine inspiration. This started her military successes: with a small army she marched on Orleans which she managed to rid of the English. Her success was a powerful momentum for French national consciousness. New successes at Patay and Reims followed. The performance of the Pucelle (Virgin) d' Orleans led to a change in the war in favour of the French.
It culminated in the coronation of Charles VII in Reims cathedral on 17 July 1429, in which Jeanne d'Arc held her standard above Charles's head. A complete English defeat seemed unavoidable, but the siege of Paris in September failed, due to lack of the necessary means. In May 1430, she fell into the hands of the Burgundians, who delivered her to the English.
In February 1431, a trial began against her in which she was condemned as a witch. On 30 May 1431, she died at the stake on the Place du Vieux Marché in Rouen.
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